Polish Legislation Laws

Essential Polish Legislation for Relocation: A Comprehensive Guide

Essential Polish Legislation for Relocation

Relocating to Poland involves understanding a range of local laws and regulations. This comprehensive guide outlines the 50 most important Polish laws and provides links to relevant government websites, ensuring a smooth transition for individuals and businesses alike.

Immigration and Citizenship

  1. Law on Entry, Residence, and Employment of Foreigners: Information on entry, residence, and work permits in Poland. Ministry of the Interior and Administration
  2. Schengen Visa Regulations: Rules for entering the Schengen Area. European Union Official Website
  3. Citizenship Law: Pathways to acquiring Polish citizenship. Office for Citizenship Matters

Labor and Employment

  1. Labor Code: Regulations on working conditions, worker rights, and employer obligations. Ministry of Family, Labour, and Social Policy
  2. Minimum Wage Regulation: Minimum wage standards. Ministry of Family, Labour, and Social Policy
  3. Occupational Health and Safety Act: Workplace safety and health standards. National Labour Inspectorate

Tax Laws

  1. Income Tax Act: Rules on individual and corporate income tax. Polish Tax Office
  2. Value Added Tax (VAT) Act: VAT regulations. Polish Tax Office
  3. Double Taxation Agreements: Poland’s agreements to avoid double taxation. Polish Tax Office

Health and Social Security

  1. Health Insurance Act: National health insurance system details. National Health Fund (NFZ)
  2. Social Security Act: Pension, unemployment insurance, and other social security rights. Social Insurance Institution (ZUS)


  1. Education Act: Regulations from primary to higher education. Ministry of National Education
  2. Regulations for Foreign Students: Rules for foreign students studying in Poland. Ministry of National Education

Housing and Property Rights

  1. Rent Act: Rights and obligations of tenants and landlords. Ministry of Justice
  2. Property Act: Rules for buying and selling property. Ministry of Justice

Commerce and Companies

  1. Commercial Code: Regulations for commercial activities. Ministry of Development and Technology
  2. Companies Code: Regulations on company formation and operation. Ministry of Development and Technology
  3. Competition Act: Competition law and antitrust regulations. Office of Competition and Consumer Protection (UOKiK)

Other Important Legislation

  1. Consumer Protection Act: Consumer rights and protection regulations. Office of Competition and Consumer Protection (UOKiK)
  2. Internet and Data Protection Act: Rules on personal data protection and internet usage. Office for Personal Data Protection (UODO)
  3. Environmental Protection Act: Environmental protection and sustainability regulations. Ministry of Climate and Environment
  4. Transport and Logistics Act: Regulations for the transport and logistics sector. Ministry of Infrastructure
  5. Construction and Urban Planning Act: Rules for construction permits and urban planning. Ministry of Construction
  6. Family Law: Regulations on divorce, adoption, and family relations. Ministry of Justice
  7. Criminal Code: Laws on crimes and penalties. Ministry of Justice
  8. Traffic Code: Traffic rules and vehicle usage regulations. Ministry of Infrastructure
  9. Copyright and Intellectual Property Act: Intellectual property and copyright laws. Patent Office of Poland
  10. Bankruptcy and Enforcement Act: Bankruptcy and enforcement procedures. Ministry of Justice
  11. Insurance Act: Regulations for the insurance industry. Polish Financial Supervision Authority
  12. Migrant Worker Rights: Rights and working conditions for migrant workers. Ministry of Family, Labour, and Social Policy
  13. Civil Procedure Code: Procedures for legal actions and lawsuits. Ministry of Justice
  14. Administrative Law: Regulations for public administration and government agencies. Ministry of the Interior and Administration
  15. Civil Code: Civil rights and obligations. Ministry of Justice
  16. Maritime Code: Laws for maritime transport and maritime law. Ministry of Maritime Economy and Inland Navigation
  17. Aviation Code: Regulations for air transport and aviation. Ministry of Infrastructure
  18. Civil Society Organizations Act: Regulations for non-governmental organizations. Ministry of the Interior and Administration
  19. Election Law: Election system and election procedures. National Electoral Commission
  20. Culture and Arts Act: Regulations for cultural and artistic activities. Ministry of Culture and National Heritage
  21. Communications Act: Regulations for telecommunications and communication services. Ministry of Digital Affairs
  22. Agriculture and Rural Development Act: Regulations for the agriculture sector and rural development. Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development
  23. Tourism Act: Regulations for tourism activities and the tourism sector. Polish Tourism Organization
  24. Public Health Act: Regulations for public health and community health. Ministry of Health
  25. Water and Energy Resources Act: Regulations for the use of water and energy resources. Ministry of Climate and Environment
  26. Media Act: Regulations for the press and media. National Broadcasting Council
  27. Military and Defense Act: Regulations for military service and defense. Ministry of National Defense
  28. Animal Rights Act: Laws for animal rights and animal welfare. Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development
  29. Cultural Heritage Protection Act: Regulations for protecting historical and cultural heritage. Ministry of Culture and National Heritage
  30. Transport Safety Act: Regulations for transport safety and road safety. Ministry of Infrastructure
  31. Agricultural Support and Subsidies Act: Regulations for agricultural supports and subsidies. Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development
  32. Food Safety Act: Regulations for food safety and food products. Ministry of Health

Polish Labor Law

Polish labor law is comprehensive, covering worker rights and employer obligations under the Labor Code. Key aspects include employment contracts, working hours, vacation rights, health and safety, termination procedures, union rights, anti-discrimination measures, and wage regulations. Here’s an overview of these critical areas:

Employment Contracts

Employment contracts in Poland must be in writing, and employers must provide a copy to the employee. Contracts can be for indefinite periods, fixed terms, or specific tasks.

Working Hours

Standard working hours are 40 hours per week, with a maximum of 8 hours per day. Overtime requires the employee’s written consent and is compensated accordingly.

Vacation Rights

Employees are entitled to at least 20 days of paid vacation annually, with the possibility of more based on tenure.

Health and Safety

Employers must ensure safe and healthy working conditions. Employees must receive training in occupational health and safety.

Termination Procedures

Termination requires specific notice periods based on tenure, and employees must receive written notification prior to dismissal.

Union Rights

Employees have the right to join unions and engage in collective bargaining. Unions play a crucial role in protecting workers’ rights.


Discrimination and harassment in the workplace are prohibited. Employers must treat all employees equally and take preventive measures against discrimination and harassment.

Wage Regulations

Employees must receive regular wages through bank transfers. Minimum wage rates are set annually by the government, and employers must comply with these rates.

For more detailed information, visit the Ministry of Family, Labour, and Social Policy website.

As a Result

Understanding Polish laws is crucial when relocating to Poland. Familiarity with immigration, labor, tax, education, housing, and other key regulations will facilitate a smoother transition. Utilize the links to relevant government websites for comprehensive details and ensure compliance with Polish legal requirements as you embark on your new journey in Poland.

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